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Order code: EQLA23
user manual
Equinox Constella Laser
Keep this equipment away from rain,
moisture and liquids.
Every person involved with the installation, operation & maintenance of this
equipment should:
Be competent
Follow the instructions of this manual
Before your initial start-up, please make sure that there is no damage caused during
transportation. Should there be any, consult your dealer and do not use the
To maintain the equipment in good working condition and to ensure safe operation, it is necessary
for the user to follow the safety instructions and warning notes written in this manual.
Please note that damages caused by user modifications to this equipment are not
subject to warranty.
Equinox Constella Laser
The manufacturer will not accept liability for any resulting damages caused
by the non-observance of this manual or any unauthorised modification to the
• Never let the power-cable come into contact with other cables. Handle the power-cable
and all mains voltage connections with particular caution!
• Never remove warning or informative labels from the equipment.
• Do not open the equipment and do not modify the equipment.
• Do not connect this equipment to a dimmer-pack.
• Do not switch the equipment on and off in short intervals, as this will reduce the
system’s life.
• Only use the equipment indoors.
• Do not expose to flammable sources, liquids or gases.
• Always disconnect the power from the mains when equipment is not in use or before
cleaning! Only handle the power-cable by the plug. Never pull out the plug by pulling the
• Make sure that the available voltage is between 220v/240v.
• Make sure that the power-cable is never crimped or damaged. Check the equipment and
the power-cable periodically.
• If the equipment is dropped or damaged, disconnect the mains power supply immediately.
Have a qualified engineer inspect the equipment before operating again.
• If the equipment has been exposed to drastic temperature fluctuation (e.g. after
transportation), do not switch it on immediately. The arising condensation might damage
the equipment. Leave the equipment switched off until it has reached room temperature.
• If your product fails to function correctly, discontinue use immediately. Pack the unit
securely (preferably in the original packing material), and return it to your Prolight dealer
for service.
• Only use fuses of same type and rating.
• Repairs, servicing and power connection must only be carried out by a qualified
• WARRANTY; One year from date of purchase.
If this equipment is operated in any other way, than those described in this manual,
the product may suffer damage and the warranty becomes void.
Incorrect operation may lead to danger e.g.: short-circuit, burns, electric shocks,
lamp failure etc.
Do not endanger your own safety and the safety of others!
Incorrect installation or use can cause serious damage to people and property.
Equinox Constella Laser
Technical specifications
You should find inside the Laser carton the following items:
1, Constella Laser
2, Power cable
Technical Specifications:
3, User manual
DMX channels: 12
Laser diodes: 1 x 50mW Green (532nM) DPSS laser, 1 x 150mW Violet (405nM) DPSS laser
1 x 200mW Red (650nM) DPSS laser
Operating modes: 1, Sound Active
2, Auto Run 1 (patterns)
3, Auto Run 2 (animations)
4, DMX
5, Slave
Power consumption: 24W
ILDA compatible
Power supply: 240V - 50Hz
Dimensions: 380 x 275 x 174mm
Weight: 5.1Kgs
Fuse: 2A
The Constella features 12 DMX channels and many laser patterns and animations that are ideal
with or without fog.
Back view:
1, Key lock
2, Cooling fan
3, DMX In
4, DMX out
5, Audio sensitivity control
6, Dip switches
7, Microphone
8, Power input
9, ILDA input
10, Image size control
11, On/Off switch
12, ILDA Input LED
13, DMX Input LED
Equinox Constella Laser
Operation modes
Operation modes:
The Constella has five modes of operation as follows:
1, Sound active mode
To select sound active mode set all dip switches to OFF. You can now use the sensitivity control on
the back panel to set the required sound level.
2, Auto pattern mode
To select auto pattern mode, set dip switch 1 to the ON position and all others to OFF. The
Constella will now cycle through all it’s internal geometric patterns.
3, Auto animation mode
To select auto animation pattern mode, set dip switches 1 + 2 to the ON position and all others to
OFF. The Constella will now cycle through all it’s internal animation programmes such as a
numbers, running dinosaur and flying bird etc.
4, DMX mode
To select DMX mode, set dip switch 10 to ON. You can now set the required DMX address using
dip switches 1 to 9. Please refer to the chart below for DMX functions. The DMX address starts at 1.
5, Slave mode
To set the unit/s in slave mode, set dip switch 2 to the ON position and all others to OFF. The
Constella laser will now run in sequence with the master unit.
DMX function chart:
Equinox Constella Laser
DMX control mode
DMX function chart (cont):
DMX Control Mode
Operating in a DMX control mode environment gives the user the greatest flexibility when it comes
to customising or creating a show. In this mode you will be able to control each individual trait of
the fixture and each fixture independently.
Setting the DMX address
The DMX mode enables the use of a universal DMX controller. Each fixture requires a
“start address” from 1- 511. A fixture requiring one or more channels for control begins to read the
data on the channel indicated by the start address. For example, a fixture that occupies or uses 7
channels of DMX and was addressed to start on DMX channel 100, would read data from
channels: 100,101,102,103,104,105 and 106. Choose a start address so that the channels used
do not overlap. E.g. the next unit in the chain starts at 107.
Set the start address using the group of dip switches located usually on the back of the fixture.
Each dip switch has an associated value. Adding the value of each switch in the ON position will
provide the start address. Determining which switches to toggle ON given a specific start address
can be accomplished in the following manner. By subtracting the largest switch value possible
from the selected start address until zero is achieved.
Address 10
Pin NO: 4 = 8
Pin NO: 2 = 2
= 10
Address 24
Pin NO: 5 = 16
Pin NO: 4 = 8
= 24
DMX address using
simple maths
233 - (128 = 105, Turn on dip No: 8
105 - (64) = 41, Turn on dip No:7
41 - (32) = 9, Turn on dip No: 6
9 - (8) = 1, Turn on dip No: 4
1 - (1) = 0, Turn on dip No:1
You will most likely use the first available
number which maybe Number 1. This
number was selected for
example purposes
Equinox Constella Laser
DMX set up
• DMX (Digital Multiplex) is a universal protocol used as a form of communication between
intelligent fixtures and controllers. A DMX controller sends DMX data instructions form the
controller to the fixture. DMX data is sent as serial data that travels from fixture to fixture via the
DATA “IN” and DATA “OUT” XLR terminals located on all DMX fixtures (most controllers only have
a data “out” terminal).
DMX Linking:
• DMX is a language allowing all makes and models of different manufactures to be linked together
and operate from a single controller, as long as all fixtures and the controller are DMX compliant.
To ensure proper DMX data transmission, when using several DMX fixtures try to use the
shortest cable path possible. The order in which fixtures are connected in a DMX line does not
influence the DMX addressing. For example; a fixture assigned to a DMX address of 1 may be
placed anywhere in a DMX line, at the beginning, at the end, or anywhere in the middle. When a
fixture is assigned a DMX address of 1, the DMX controller knows to send DATA assigned to
address 1 to that unit, no matter where it is located in the DMX chain.
DATA Cable (DMX cable) requirements (for DMX operation):
• The Equinox Constella laser can be controlled via DMX-512 protocol. The DMX address is set
on the back of the unit. Your unit and your DMX controller require a standard 3-pin XLR connector
for data input/output (figure 1).
Figure 1
Further DMX cables can be purchased from all
good sound and lighting suppliers or Prolight
Please quote:
CABL10 – 2M
CABL11 – 5M
CABL12 – 10M
Also remember that DMX cable must be daisy chained and cannot be split.
Equinox Constella Laser
DMX Set Up
• Be sure to follow figures 2 & 3 when making your own cables. Do not connect the cable’s shield
conductor to the ground lug or allow the shield conductor to come in contact with the XLR’s outer
casing. Grounding the shield could cause a short circuit and erratic behaviour.
Special Note: Line termination:
• When longer runs of cable are used, you may need to use a terminator on the last unit to
avoid erratic behaviour.
Termination reduces signal transmission problems
and interferance. it is always advisable to connect a
DMX terminal, (resistance 120 Ohm 1/4 W) between
pin 2 (DMX-) and pin 3 (DMX+) of the last fixture.
Using a cable terminator (part number CABL90) will decrease the possibilities of erratic
5-Pin XLR DMX Connectors:
• Some manufactures use 5-pin XLR connectors for data transmission in place of 3-pin. 5-Pin
XLR fixtures may be implemented in a 3-pin XLR DMX line. When inserting standard 5-pin
XLR connectors in to a 3-pin line a cable adaptor must be used. The Chart below details the
correct cable conversion.
Equinox Constella Laser
DMX Dip Switch Quick Reference Chart
Dip Switch Position
Dip Switch position
DMX Address
Dip Switch Reference Chart
Equinox Constella Laser
Class 3B Laser Safety Guide
Class 3B Lasers have the potential to harm eyesight if viewed directly and can also be
harmful at long distances.
Any unit that contains a laser diode has to be classified depending upon the light output that
someone may be exposed to. All laser products are classed as defined in the
Laser Product Safety Standard (BS/EN 60825.1). The classes range from the safest, which is
Class 1, through to the most hazardous, which is Class 4. A laser diode that emits more than 5mW
of light and less than 500mW can be classified as a Class 3B product.
Operation and installation Notes
Laser effects should only be installed and operated by persons who have been trained in how to
operate laser effects safely.
Laser effects should be located in a safe and secure position in the venue, so that once installed it
cannot be tampered with by unauthorized users.
Before operation the path of the laser beams should be taken into account in respect to how the
beams will scan the viewing audience.
If direct audience scanning is to be used then the laser energy levels from the effects needs to be
If used responsibly and in accordance with the relevant guidance issued by the Health and Safety
Executive a laser effect will not present a hazard to those viewing the show as long as the laser
beams are projected over the heads of the viewing audience. When laser effects are directed into
the audience area it becomes difficult to tell if the effects are causing harm.
Class 3B laser beams can be harmful to eyesight if viewed directly The injury that a Class 3B
laser can inflict is dependant upon several varients, including the amount of time the laser beam
enters the eye for, the intensity of beam and what part of the eye that actually receives the beam.
The part of the eye which is most susceptible to receive damage from the beam is the retina. The
retina is the part of the eye that receives the light signals that are sent to brain. All light entering
the eye gets focused onto the retina.
Normal light sources including halogen lamps are not usually harmful to view. Lasers are different
in the fact that they can get the beam focused down to a very small point on the retina which can
burn holes on the back wall of the eye. There are no pain receptors on the retina and the damage
can happen in less time than it takes for a person to blink so the person will be not be aware of
any damage taking place. Damage to the retina cannot be repaired and therefore is permanent.
Symptoms include severe loss of sight and unnoticeable vision loss.
Equinox Constella Laser
Licensing and Laws
There are no U.K. “laser laws” or any “laser licenses” that need to be obtained in
order to own or operate a laser for lightshow use. Detailed and specific guidance is issued by the
Health and Safety Executive in the form of a book called HS(G)95 The Radiation Safety of Lasers
Used for Display Purposes.
Class 3B Laser Safety Features
Class 3B laser products need to be fitted with specific safety features. These features are issued
in the British Standard on Laser Product Safety
BS/EN 60825-1 and are a needed for the product to meet CE approval.
The important warnings are listed below:1) Emissions Indicator
2) Remote Interlock Connector
3) Laser Safety Warning Labels
Summary of each Feature
Class 3B lasers need to contain three very important Laser Safety Warning Labels; the starburst
symbol, aperture label, and the warning/classification label. The starburst is used to indicate that
the product is a laser product. The aperture label is located next to the appature to show where the
laser emits it’s beam(s). The warning/classification label details the class of the laser product, the
maximum output power, and the wave length(s) (colours) of the laser, along with a
“Laser Radiation – Avoid Exposure To The Beam” warning
The Remote Interlock Connector will only allow the laser to function when the two pins are shorted
together. For lightshow use it is recommended by HS(G)95 laser safety guidance laser effects can
be overridden by a remote Emergency Stop switch. The remote interlock connector provides a
convenient way for such a switch to be easily added to the laser system, to provide this control.
The emissions indicator is fitted to indicate when the laser is ready to produce a light output.
Audience Scanning
Audience Scanning is when laser beams are directed at the viewing audience. Because the laser
output beam can scan people’s faces it carries a risk that it could cause damage to eyesight, if
over exposed to the laser beam.
Maximum Permissible Exposure (MPE)
The amount of laser light that a person can be exposed to without it causing harm
to eyesight is known as the Maximum Permissible Exposure or MPE. These levels
are set down by the British Laser Safety Standard BS/EN 60826-1. When people
are exposed to laser light output which is above the MPE, it may potentially pose a risk of
causing eye damage. Calculating what the MPE and exposure level is for a given laser effect is
quite a complicated process and it is dependant on a whole number of factors and conditions. The
laser safety standard BS/EN 60825-1 contains the information and data required to calculate these
Equinox Constella Laser
Laser Safety Officer
The BS/EN60825-1 Laser Safety Standard recommends that all venues that use, or businesses
that work with Class 3B laser products, should appoint a Laser Safety Officer (LSO). The Laser
Safety Officer should be aware of the many safety issues when using lasers, and will also be
responsible for overseeing how the laser is used. In smaller businesses, the (LSO) could be the
installer, operator or owner etc.
Separation Distances
Health and Safety guidance details that for supervised installations of lasers which are above the
Maximum Permissible Exposure (MPE) should not be accessible to persons in the audience. Also
recommended is an area where the MPE may not be exceeded and extends from 3m above to
2.5m laterally from any point in the venue where the public may have access during the lightshow.
The illustrations below show the separation distances.
Separation Distance Drawing:
Note. The 3 metre height specified is not the height of the actual laser unit, but it
refers to the height of the laser beams emitted.
Equinox Constella Laser
Hazard Distances
All lasers for display purposes feature a characteristic called the hazard distance for direct
viewing (NOHD). The (NOHD) is distance at which viewing the laser directly is no longer
considered a hazard. Note at any point between the laser unit and the calculated hazard distance,
it may be hazardous to directly view the laser beams. Exposing the eye to the laser directly from
outside the hazard distance is considered to be no longer a risk.
The most dangerous senerio is to look directly at a static single beam, because all the light energy
is concentrated into one small point. The hazard distances for various different powers of Class 3B
laser are shown in the table below.
Laser Output Power
Hazard Distance
10mW 30mW 50mW 100mW 250mW 450mW
12m 20m 25m
Note - The above values in the table have been calculated assuming the characteristics of a
typical laser, which has a beam spread of 2mradians. Not all laser units have the same
Remember: Static laser beams are hazardous for long distances so it is recommended that the
laser beams are projected overhead and not into the viewing audience
Laser Safety Books
The Radiation Safety of Display Laser Installations HS(G)95
Published by HSE Books 1996 ISBN 0 7176 0691
Health & Safety Executive
Website -
Laser display safety guidance page -
Health Protection Agency
Website -